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Pretrial Motions: Table of Contents

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Part IV: Pretrial Motions

  • TIME TO FILE PRETRIAL MOTIONS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 1
  • NOTICE OF ALIBI……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 1
  • NOTICE OF INSANITY OR MENTAL DEFECT……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2
  • AMENDMENTS TO RULE FED. CRIM. P. 12.2……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2
    • Notice of Defense of Governmental Authority:……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2
  • CONTINUANCE……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 3
  • DISCOVERY……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 4
  • DISCLOSURE BY THE GOVERNMENT……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 6
    • DEFENDANT’S STATEMENT……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 6
    • WRITINGS OR TAPE RECORDINGS OF THE DEFENDANT……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 6
    • SPONTANEOUS ADMISSIONS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7
    • DEFENDANT’S ORAL STATEMENTS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7
    • STATEMENTS BY DEFENDANT WHICH GOVERNMENT INTENDS TO USE AT TRIAL………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 7
    • ORAL STATEMENTS DIFFER FROM WRITTEN……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 8
    • SUMMARIES OF INTERVIEWS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 8
    • AGENT’S ROUGH NOTES……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 8
    • “SILENCE” MAY CONSTITUTE A DISCOVERABLE “STATEMENT”……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 8
    • DEFENDANT’S GRAND JURY TESTIMONY……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9
    • CORPORATE OFFICERS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9
    • PRODUCTION OF DEFENDANT’S STATEMENTS AT “DETENTION HEARING”……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9
    • DEFENDANT’S CRIMINAL RECORD………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 10
    • GOVERNMENT WITNESSES’ CRIMINAL RECORDS………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 10
    • DOCUMENTS AND TANGIBLE OBJECTS………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 12
    • REQUISITE SHOWING………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 12
    • TEXTS AND EXAMINATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 13
    • EXPERT WITNESS TESTIMONY, OPINION, BASIS, AND QUALIFICATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 13
    • GOVERNMENT WITNESSES’ NAMES AND ADDRESSES………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 13
    • IDENTITY OF INFORMANTS………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 15
    • NO PRIVILEGE WHERE IDENTITY KNOWN………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 17
    • RIGHT TO INTERVIEW KNOWN GOVERNMENT WITNESSES………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 19
    • USE OF INFORMANTS AND DUE PROCESS………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 20
    • CO-CONSPIRATOR STATEMENTS………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 20
    • PRESENTENCE REPORTS OF CO-DEFENDANTS………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 21
    • GRAND JURY MINUTES………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 22
    • JENCKS ACT WITNESS STATEMENT………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 25
      • PRETRIAL DISCLOSURE NO LONGER PROHIBITED………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 25
      • AT VERY LEAST CONTINUANCE MAY BE REQUIRED………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 27
      • OR AN IN CAMERA HEARING………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 29
      • JENCK’S ACT STATEMENT LIMITATION………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 29
  • RECIPROCAL DISCLOSURE [THE “TWO-WAY” STREET]………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 29
    • COUNSEL SHOULD BE MINDFUL THAT DEFENSE WITNESSES’ STATEMENTS MAY BE DISCOVERABLE BY PROSECUTION………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 29
    • CONSTITUTIONALITY OF REQUIRING AN ACCUSED TO MAKE DISCLOSURE………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 30
    • AGENT’S ROUGH NOTES………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 30
    • BUT IF THEY’RE ROUGH ENOUGH………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 32
  • REPORTS OF EXAMINATIONS AND TESTS………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 32
    • Scientific Tests and Reports 32
    • Field Tests 33
    • Failure to Produce 33
    • DISCOVERY OF LAW ENFORCEMENT REPORTS AT PRE-TRIAL SUPPRESSION HEARING………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 33
  • DISCOVERY FROM GOVERNMENTAL AGENCY MANUALS………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 34
  • DISCLOSURE BY THE DEFENDANT (RECIPROCAL DISCOVERY)………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 35
    • TRIGGERING RECIPROCAL DISCOVERY………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 36
    • MATERIALITY OF GOVERNMENT REQUEST………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 36
    • INFORMATION NOT SUBJECT TO DISCLOSURE………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 36
      • Work Product……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 36
      • Witness Statements……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 37
  • GRAND JURY TRANSCRIPTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 37
    • DEFENDANT’S TESTIMONY………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 37
    • CORPORATE DEFENDANT………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 37
    • GRAND JURY WITNESSS TESTIMONY………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 37
    • RULE 6(e) DISCOVERY………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 38
    • PARTICULARIZED NEED………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 38
  • CONTINUING DUTY TO DISCLOSE………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 38
    • Application of Duty 38
    • Failure to Disclose 39
  • GOVERNMENT MAY DEPOSE DEFENSE COUNSEL IN PURSUIT OF CLIENT’S FORFEITED ASSETS………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 39
    • SANCTIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 39
  • BRADY MOTION (EVIDENCE FAVORABLE TO THE DEFENDANT)…………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 40
    • TEST………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 40
    • FAVORABLE EVIDENCE………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 40
    • IMPEACHMENT EVIDENCE………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 41
    • SPECIFIC REQUEST REQUIRED………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 41
    • “IMPEACHMENT” “EXCULPATORY” EVIDENCE………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 42
    • PRETRIAL DISCLOSURE………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 43
    • NON-GOVERMENTAL AGENCIES………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 44
    • CO-DEFENDANT’S EXCULPATORY STATEMENT………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 44
    • EVIDENCE IMPEACHING GOVERNMENT WITNESS’ TESTIMONY………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 44
    • CRIMINAL RECORD OF GOVERNMENT WITNESS………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 45
    • COMPLAINING GOVERNMENT WITNESS’ BACKGROUND………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 45
    • GOVERNMENT WITNESS’ PERSONNEL FILE………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 45
    • EVIDENCE UNDERMINING CONFIDENCE CRIME OCCURRED………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 45
    • EVIDENCE UNDERMINING CONFIDENCE THAT DEFENDANT WAS PERPETRATOR
    • …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 45
    • OR RAISING A DEFENSE………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 46
    • TRANSCRIPTS………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 46
    • PROTECTIVE ORDERS………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 46
  • IN CAMERA INSPECTIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 46
    • Predicate for Request…………………………………………………………………………… 46
    • Cases Requiring ………………………………………………………………….. 47
    • Cases Not Requiring ……………………………………………………………. 47
  • PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION……………………………………………………….. 47
  • PRETRIAL CONFERENCE…………………………………………………………………. 50
  • DEPOSITION…………………………………………………………………………………….. 52
  • PRODUCTION OF BOOKS, PAPERS, DOCUMENTS OR OBJECTS…….. 53
  • DISCOVERY OF ELECTRONIC SURVEILANCE……………………………….. 54
  • TITLE III OF OMNIBUS CRIME CONTROL AND SAFE STREETS ACT OF 1968……………………………………………………………………………………………… 56
  • SUPPRESSION OF EVIDENCE…………………………………………………………… 56
    • STANDARD FOR REVIEW………………………………………………………………… 57
    • PRESERVATION OF ERROR……………………………………………………………… 57
    • APPEAL…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 58
  • BILL OF PARTICULARS R. CRIM. P. Rule 7(f)………………………….. 58
  • OTHER DISCOVERY…………………………………………………………………………. 63
  • SEVERANCE…………………………………………………………………………………….. 63
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