New Location, Same Tradition: Goldstein & Orr Has Moved Offices Learn More

Client Testimonials
  • "I have known Ms. Orr for over a decade and she is an excellent criminal defense attorney with high ethical standards." by Peer Attorney Read More
  • "I'm very impressed how Mrs. Orr handled everything, she is very professional and I recommend Mrs. Orr if your in need an attorney for a white collar case!!!" by Anonymous Former Client Read More
  • "They are next level on intelligence and understanding. My full respect to these attorneys." by Amber R. Read More
  • "I was so fortunate and privileged to have Mr. Goldstein in my corner. You will find none better." by Stephen Read More
  • "GGH has no equal in Texas or elsewhere. Cynthia Orr and Gerry Goldstein don't just defend their clients, they make law. I've watched them over the years take impossible cases and win." by Debra I. Read More

“WHEELS” AND “CHAINS”

If there are several separate and distinct conspiracies and the only connection between them is a common participant who has conspired with various other individuals regarding those various transactions, such is commonly referred to as a “wheel” conspiracy. There must exist proof that the various individuals at the spokes of the “wheel” knowingly conspired. Wright, Federal Practice Procedure- Criminal Rules, §144; Kotteakos v. US, 328 US 750, 754-755 (1946). Where, on the other hand, several individuals are alleged to have participated in various separate stages in a “vertical” operation [i.e. of providing illicit commodities for sale] such is commonly referred to as a “chain” conspiracy, and knowledge of the other participants in the scheme is said to be inferred from the very nature of the undertaking. US v. Agueci, 310 F.2d 817, 826-827 (2nd Cir. 1962), cert. denied, 372 US 959 (1963).

 

(210) 226-1463
  1. Attorneys
  2. Results
  3. Contact